The Ottoman Sultan Abdulaziz built the Beylerbeyi Palace in 1861-1865. The architects are Sarkis and Agop Balyan brothers. The Beylerbeyi Palace was designed as a summer palace.
Unlike the other Ottoman palaces, Beylerbeyi Palace does not have a heating system. Moreover, the palace has a swimming pool. The palace has Gothic and Neo-classic architectures.
It has two floors and is ornated with gold-plated columns, mosaics, paintings. Beylerbeyi Palace consists of 24 rooms, 1 hamam, 1 bathroom, 6 kiosks in the garden. The palace is located on the Asian side by the Bosphorus. The palace is a museum today.
During your visit, you can see the original meeting rooms, dining rooms, bathrooms. One of the last Ottoman Sultans, Abdulhamid II, passed away in Beylerbeyi Palace in 1918. you can see his study room, bedroom, and bathroom today.
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Since the Byzantine period, Beylerbeyi and its surroundings have been a residential area. Sultan Mahmud II (1808–1839) directed the construction of a wooden palace on the site of earlier structures built in the area at various times. When it burned down, Sultan Abdülaziz ordered the construction of a new palace and additional buildings between 1863 and 1865. The main palace building, which includes the Mabeyn and Harem sections, is open for tours. Visitors are not permitted to enter the Yellow Kiosk, which is located beside the large pool on the upper terrace garden, the Marble Kiosk, the Stable Kiosk, where the royal horses were kept, or the Marine Kiosks.
Beylerbeyi Palace served as the state guest house as well as a summer residence. Franz Joseph, Emperor of Austria-Hungary (1869); Eugénie, Empress of France (1869); Nikola, King of Montenegro (1874); and German Emperor Wilhelm II all stayed here. After being dethroned, Sultan Abdülhamid II spent his final six years in Beylerbeyi Palace, where he died in 1918.
The palace’s interior design, which combines Western and Eastern styles, resembles traditional Turkish houses. The three-story palace has 24 rooms and 6 halls, including the basement. The floors of the palace are covered with Egyptian straw mats. Turkish Hereke carpets, French Baccarat crystal chandeliers, English, French, and Turkish clocks made at Istanbul’s Haliç (Golden Horn) Dockyard, as well as Chinese, Japanese, French, German, and Turkish Yldz porcelain vases, adorn the palace’s rooms and halls.
Additional Structures and Gardens
Sultan Mahmud II constructed The Marble Kiosk as a hunting lodge between 1829 and 1832. The Marble Kiosk’s name comes from its marble exterior walls, and it also features a fountain and a pool inside.
The Yellow Kiosk: Located near the Marble Kiosk, the Yellow Kiosk faces the garden on one side and the street on the other. With its beautiful ceilings and other interior decoration, the kiosk, which has two floors and a basement, is an outstanding example of the period.
Stable Kiosk: Located at the top of the terraced garden, this kiosk represents Ottoman horse culture. The ceiling of the entrance hall depicts horses and other animal figures. The stable itself is divided into 20 stalls on each side. Chandeliers and other fixtures feature reliefs with horse head and eye motifs.
Palace Gardens: Beylerbeyi Palace is one of the most prestigious buildings of the nineteenth century, and its gardens are linked by ramps and stairs. The gardens cover an area of seventy thousand square meters. Sultan Abdülhamid II planted the magnolia and chestnut trees in the imperial garden, the linden trees in the Harem garden, and the judas trees (the Bosphorus symbol) in the terraced gardens.
Marine Kiosks: There are two of these kiosks, one belonging to the Mabeyn and the other to the Harem (for the use of Sultan’s mother). These pergola-like structures are referred to in archive documents as “tent kiosks” and “nevresm kiosks” (new design, new model), indicating their unique design. Both kiosks have roofs in the shape of an eight-pointed star, and the ceilings are decorated with pictures of different animals.
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